A historical site under national protection, the 10,000-square-meter fortress in Pengcheng Village overlooks Daya Bay in Longgang District. It was built in 1394 as a military fortress against pirates and later developed into a town in the Ming and Qing dynasties. There are three well-preserved (保存完好的) fortress gates, sections of ancient walls, alleys paved with slate, centuries-old temples and shrines, as well as a few mansions built for admirals in the Qing Dynasty. The best example of the mansions is that of Admiral Lai Enjue, a residence with a history of over 150 years.
Admiral Lai’s Cemetery
The cemetery was built in Wangmutang, not far from the ancient fortress. Admiral Lai Enjue was a formidable (舰队司令) commander during the Opium War (鸦片战争) in the mid-1800s. His body was first buried at Dakeng Village in 1894 and was removed to Wangmutang in 1877. There are still some well-preserved stone sculptures besides his tomb.
Nantou Ancient City
Situated in Jiujie Village in Nanshan District, the remains of the ancient city is testimony to Shenzhen’s ancient civilization and development history. First built in 1394, the cultural heritage still boasts a well-preserved gate, 10 meters in width and 4.5 meters in height. Near the gate there is a museum showing dozens of excavated artifacts. Several other traditional buildings are also preserved to show the city’s prosperity in ancient times.
In Dameisha Village, a nobles’ 2,000-square-meter cemetery dating back to the late Western Zhou Dynasty was first discovered in the 1980s. Archaeologists excavated 10 ancient tombs in the cemetery and unearthed 11 precious bronze artifacts in the 1990s. Archaeologists say the cemetery probably was for nobles of a powerful tribe that existed between the late Shang Dynasty and early Warring Sates Period.
Chiwan Tianhou Temple
The temple sits beside Chiwan Village at the foot of Xiaonanshan Hill, in Nanshan District. First built in the Song Dynasty about 800 years ago, it is the largest temple dedicated to the worship of Tianhou (Heavenly Queen) in Guangdong Province, and is well-known in Hong Kong, Macao and parts of Southeast Asia.
Chiwan Beacon Tower
The beacon tower sits at the top of Xiaonanshan Hill, overlooking Chiwan Village. Built in the Ming Dynasty, it was one of the most important beacon towers in Guangdong.
The only imperial mausoleum (陵墓) found in Guangdong Province, it was built west of Chiwan Village centuries ago in memory of Zhao Ribing (known historically as the Shaodi Emperor). Zhao was the last emperor of the Song Dynasty, who died in 1279 at the age of 9.
Shenzhen is rich in historical sites. More than 500 archaeological (考古的) sites have been discovered, including 118 protected sites of historical importance.
The Dapeng Fortress was listed on the national heritage protection list, while Pengcheng Village in Dapeng Township was one of China’s earliest villages of historical and cultural importance. The excavation of Shang Dynasty (1766-1122 B.C.) tombs at Wubeiling Village, Nanshan District, was among the nation’s top 10 archaeological finds in 2001.